Paris Agreement: Laurence Tubiana appointed as climate champion
France has a new climate champion, filling a role created by the Paris Agreement. She is called Laurence Tubiana, the lead negotiator of the Paris Agreement, who contributed greatly alongside the President of COP21, Laurent Fabius, and France’s climate team to the success of the Conference that was held in Paris from 30 November to 12 December 2015.
- Laurence Tubiana and the President of COP21 Laurent Fabius on 12th December when Paris Agreement was adopted.
“I have chosen a high-profile figure who played an effective and appreciated role in the success of the Paris Conference, and who has the necessary expertise, contacts and legitimacy.” Laurent Fabius announced this appointment during his New Year address to the French diplomatic corps, on Friday, 29 January, in line with the Paris Agreement decisions, which stipulate that the President of COP21 should appoint one “champion” to accelerate the global shift towards a low-carbon economy. Laurence Tubiana will keep her position as Ambassador responsible for Climate Change Negotiations.
What is the role of a “climate champion”?
Climate champions, whose role is presented in the Paris Agreement (decisions 122 and 123, see below), will need to sustain the momentum generated by the Agreement. Their tasks include:
– Working on the period 2016-2020. The commitments made by States under the Paris Agreement apply to the period 2020-2025 or, for some States, the period 2020-2030. At the Conference, many countries called for action that would take effect before 2020. The situation is urgent and we cannot wait any longer. Laurence Tubiana will therefore need to encourage States to accelerate their initiatives or bring them forward. It is very important to keep the Paris spirit alive.
– Encouraging and organizing the action of non-state actors (cities, businesses, financial institutions, etc.). The Agenda of Solutions (find out more), which brings together all initiatives led by these actors, was a central focus of the Paris Climate Conference. Many of these actors committed to reducing their greenhouse gas emissions or helping to reduce them.
– A “high-level event” should be held in 2016 to bring together all those combating climate change at a global level.
Which issues will Laurence Tubiana focus on?
In more concrete terms, Laurence Tubiana’s task will be:
– to work on lowering the cost and promoting the adoption of clean technologies, by encouraging States and non-state actors to take greater action.
– to increase the action taken by the financial sector by making the most of its mobilization for COP21: increasing divestment from fossil fuels through management of institutional investor portfolios, taking into the account the carbon risk in portfolio risk assessment, and developing new financial instruments.
How long will this assignment last?
Laurence Tubiana will take up her position as climate champion immediately. Her term will end in November 2016, at the end of COP22, which will be held in Marrakesh (Morocco). The Moroccans will shortly appoint their climate champion, whose term will end in November 2017, at the end of COP23.
Brief biography of Laurence Tubiana
1951: Born in Oran, Algeria.
1976: After graduating from Sciences Po and gaining a PhD in economics, she became a research assistant at the French National Institute for Agronomic Research (INRA) and was appointed as a research director there in 1995.
1980: Founded Solagral, an NGO.
1998: Environmental advisor to the French Prime Minister, Lionel Jospin, until 2002.
2002: Founded the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI).
2004: Director of the Sustainable Development Center at Sciences Po.
2009: Director of Global Public Goods at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Attended the Copenhagen Summit.
2013: President of the Board of Directors of the Agence Française de Développement (French Development Agency, AFD).
June 2014: Ambassador responsible for Climate Change Negotiations, Special Representative for COP21.
Read her portrait in the Financial Time (11st December) : here.